Concrete Products

MAR 2016

Concrete Products covers the issues that attract producers of ready mixed and manufactured concrete focusing on equipment and material technology, market development and management topics.

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The Environmental Protection Agency's national emis- sions standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) rule covering portland cement is driving significant capi- tal investment toward a September 2016 compliance tar- get for U.S. mills. A tandem measure awaits another sector aligned with ready mixed concrete and concrete masonry. The EPA's final Brick and Structural Clay Products rule aims to limit emissions that occur during production of face or structural brick, brick pavers, clay pipe, roof tile and other brick products. The standards address maximum achievable control technology (MACT) emission limits for non-mercury HAP metals and mercury; health-based emission limits for acid gas- es for brick tunnel kilns; work practice standards for periodic kilns, dioxins/ furans from tunnel kilns and periods of startup and shutdown for tunnel kilns; and, updated monitoring and compliance provisions. The latter include initial and five-year performance testing for the regulated pollutants, continuous parameter monitoring, and daily visible emissions checks. Early in the "NESHAP for Brick and Structural Clay Products Manufacturing" or Brick MACT rule development, EPA noted that new kiln emissions thresholds and other requirements would see brick producers incur an estimated $55 mil- lion in capital costs, plus $18.4 million in annual compliance costs—against $24 million to $99 million in net public benefits. More recently, the Brick Industry Association pegs annual compliance costs a) at $100 million industry wide and, b) impossible for some small plants to meet. The 147 lbs. of emitted mercury the rule is expected to reduce nationally is about 1/400th the amount of the metal the EPA estimates as present in Americans' dental fillings. Alongside Brick MACT costs, brick makers face projected $900,000 per plant annual compliance costs pending the Occupational Safety and Health Admin- istration's final rule on crystalline silica exposure. In an astute report issued last month, "Regulatory Indifference Hurts Vulnerable Communities," the U.S. Chamber of Commerce probes EPA and OSHA rule tabs for an industry where a contingent of small producers operate alongside heavyweights Acme Brick, Boral USA, General Shale and Forterra Brick. "Bureaucrats in Washington walk down Pennsylvania Avenue on bricks made by small, family-owned businesses without care for the companies and workers being destroyed by their careless regulations," says Chamber Senior Vice President of Environment, Technology and Regulatory Affairs William Kovacs. "This report shows that it's not just the large rules that affect American industry. With access to funding difficult for so many, even relatively obscure regulations can force small manufacturers to shutter their operations. An increasingly complex web of regulations is making it almost impossible for small businesses to survive." He and "Regulatory Indifference" co-authors visit Janet Whitacre Kaboth, chief executive officer of century-old Ohio producer Whitacre Greer Co. "For workers in local communities, particularly those employed by small businesses, new regulations developed using a 'one size fits all' model are a big problem," she notes. "Federal agencies cannot simply assume that companies can afford to comply with regulatory requirements; that companies will be able to comply; or that the benefits of a rule will make it worthwhile. They need to understand the local impacts of their rules on real people whose lives may be ruined by losing their job." "These economically harmful regulations could be avoided if EPA conducted the type of in-depth employment analyses required of them," Kovacs contends. "When crafting regulations, federal agencies should consider the impact to work- ers, businesses, and local communities, and balance those effects with public health and safety. One plant closing can set off a chain reaction in a small town." The Chamber-backed Regulatory Accountability Act of 2015, he adds, would improve the transparency of regulations by requiring agencies to invest more effort earlier in the rulemaking process to gather data, evaluate alternatives, and receive public input about proposed measures' costs and benefits. "Regula- tory Indifference" reminds pro-business, pro-worker candidates in this federal election cycle to consider a brick production line as the backdrop for a message supporting Regulatory Accountability and debunking federal regulators' math. EDITORIAL BY DON MARSH MINING MEDIA INTERNATIONAL EDITORIAL OFFICE 11655 Central Parkway, Suite 306 Jacksonville, Florida 32224 U.S.A. P: +1.904.721.2925 F: +1.904.721.2930 EDITOR Don Marsh, ASSOCIATE EDITOR Josephine Smith, GRAPHIC DESIGNER Michael Florman, EDITORIAL DIRECTOR Steve Fiscor, MINING MEDIA INTERNATIONAL CORPORATE OFFICE 8751 East Hampden Avenue, Suite B-1 Denver, Colorado 80231 U.S.A. P: +1.303.283.0640 F: +1.303.283.0641 PRESIDENT/PUBLISHER Peter Johnson, VP-SALES & MARKETING John Bold, U.S., CANADA SALES Bill Green, GERMAN SALES Gerd Strasman, LATIN AMERICA SALES Sylvia Palma, SHOW MANAGER Tanna Holzer, PRODUCTION MANAGER Dan Fitts, Concrete Products, Volume 119, Issue 3, (ISSN 0010-5368, USPS 128-180) is published monthly by Mining Media Inc., 10 Sedgwick Drive, Englewood, Colorado 80113 ( Periodicals postage paid at Englewood Colorado, and additional mailing offices. Canada Post Publications Mail Agreement No. 40845540. Canada return address: Station A, PO Box 54, Windsor ON N9A 6J5, Email: cir- Current and back issues and additional resources, including subscription request forms and an editorial calander, are available online at SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Free and controlled circulation to qualified subscribers. Non-qualified persons may subscribe at the following rates: USA and Canada, 1 year $72.00, 2 year $119.00, 3 year $161.00. For subscriber services or to order single copies, write to Concrete Products, 8751 East Hampden, Suite B1, Denver, Colorado 80231 USA; call +1.303.283.0640 (USA) or visit www. ARCHIVES AND MICROFORM: This magazine is available for research and retrieval of selected archived articles from leading electronic databases and online search services, including Factiva, LexisNexis, and ProQuest. For microform availability, contact ProQuest at 800-521-0600 or +1.734-761-4700, or search the Serials in Microform listings at POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Concrete Products, P.O. Box 1337, Skokie, IL 60076. REPRINTS: Mining Media Inc, 8751 East Hampden Avenue, Suite B1, Denver, CO 80231 USA; P: +1.303.283.0640, F: 1+303.283.0641, PHOTOCOPIES: Authorization to photocopy articles for internal corporate, personal, or instructional use may be obtained from the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) at +1.978.750.8400. To obtain further information, visit COPYRIGHT 2016: Concrete Products ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 4 • March 2016 Brick makers confront EPA emissions rule

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